Purpose, Roles, and Responsibilities
This document provides the Department of Defense (DoD) procedures for conducting competitively negotiated source selections and outlines a common set of principles and procedures for conducting such acquisitions. The goal of this procedure is to ensure the Department’s source selection process delivers quality, timely products and services to the Warfighter and the Nation at the best value for the taxpayer.
1.2 Best-Value Continuum
This document describes two of the acquisition processes and techniques that may be used to design competitive acquisition strategies suitable for the specific circumstances of the acquisition: Tradeoff Source Selection Process and Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Source
• Tradeoff Source Selection Process (see FAR 15.101-1). This process allows for a tradeoff between non-cost factors and cost/price and allows the Government to accept other than the lowest priced proposal or other than the highest technically rated proposal to achieve a best-value contract award. Further, it describes various rating approaches to evaluating proposals when using a tradeoff process. The application of this process, as well as general source selection principles, is discussed in the body of this document.
• Lowest Price Technically Acceptable (LPTA) Source Selection Process (see FAR 15.101-2). The LPTA process is appropriate when best value is expected to result from selection of a technically acceptable proposal with the lowest evaluated price. The application of LPTA is discussed in Appendix A. In addition, the general principles outlined in the body of this document also apply to LPTA (see preface to Appendix A for In the best-value continuum described in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 15.101, an agency can obtain best value in negotiated acquisitions by using any one or a combination of source selection approaches. However, regardless of the source selection approach taken, agencies are required to utilize the standardized rating tables as detailed in this procedure. For any factors/subfactors evaluated on other than an “acceptable/unacceptable” basis, the ratings at Section 3.1 shall be utilized. For any factors/subfactors evaluated on an “acceptable/unacceptable” basis, the ratings at Appendix A, Table A-1 and A-2 shall be utilized.